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GRE English Comprehension Test 5

In a new study that compares Fortune 100 executives in 1980 with their counterparts in 2001, Peter Capelli and Monika Hamori have documented what business people have no doubt already witnessed: The road to the executive suite and the characteristics of the executives who get there have changed significantly over the last two decades. To summarize: Todays executives are younger, more likely to be female, and less likely to have Ivy League educations. They make their way to the executive suite faster than ever before (about four years faster than their counterparts in 1980) and they hold fewer jobs along the way.

They spend about five years less in their current organization before being promoted and are more likely to be hired from the outside. Whats more, the Organization Man, the lifelong corporate employee who worked his way faithfully and slowly up the executive ladder, appears to be headed out the door increasingly nudged, apparently, by women. From the 1950s through the 1970s, American executives looked a lot alike, write Capelli and Hamori. They tended to be model organization men, who stuck faithfully with the companies that first hired them and they climbed methodically up the corporate ladder until, at last, they retired. The dominant notion during that time was that a business career ran its course inside a corporation.



1.

Which of the following cannot be attributed as a characteristic of the organisation men as brought out in the passage ?


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They joined and retired from the same company

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They were of the firm opinion that their entire career was confined to one company

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They were mostly women

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Their promotions were slower as compared to contemporary executives

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As compared to the present executives in the same stage, they were much older


2.

Peter capelli and Monika Hamori have postulated that women are now


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more suitable for executive positions as compared to men

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increasingly becoming aggressive and showing the door to men

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becoming aware of the career opportunities offered in the business world

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being preferred for executive positions over those employees who have been working for the company for a long time

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more career conscious as compared to the women executives belonging to the previous generation


3.

Going by the information provided by the author, it would be erroneous to conduct that


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the methods adopted to become executives have changed drastically over the years

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the present day executives have low moral and they stop at nothing to achieve success in their careers

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the characteristics of today's executives are nowhere close to those of their counterparts in the past

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women are providing their worth in the business

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`today's` executives believe in switching companies for enhancing their professional success


4.

The people who are most likely to benefit from the new model being discussed will be those who ?


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do not have an independent profile

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spend their entire lives in one company

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do not have professional competence but know how to promote themselves

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try to fit into the needs of organization and change themselves accordingly

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know how to make themselves stand out among everyone else


5.

Based on the information provided in the passage it would be justified to conclude that


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the percentage of "lifers" in companies has not seen much change

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"lifers" no longer exists in companies

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"lifers" do not belong to the organization man era

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the percentage of "lifers" in companies is abating

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today's younger companies are finding it easier to convert executives into "lifers"


6.

Which of the following types of executives do not fall in the corporate executive model as elucidated in the passage ?


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Executives who will succeed in going up the success ladder in a company on the basis of the merit

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Executives who will leave a company only if the growth in career as promised by the company was not granted eventually

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Executives who know how to advertise their talents and skills

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Executives who are insensitive and ignorant of organizational needs

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Executives who are or at least appear meritorious